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Research

Retirement and Health

“Leaving Big Money on the Table: Arbitrage Opportunities in Delaying Social Security” (with Gila Bronshtein, Jason Scott, and John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 22853, November 2016.

"The Welfare Cost of Retirement Uncertainty" (with Frank Caliendo, Maria Casanova, and Aspen Gorry), NBER Working Paper no. 22609, September 2016.

"Has the Affordable Care Act Increased Part Time Employment?" (with Aparna Mathur and Michael Strain), Applied Economics Letters, 23(3), 2016.

"Work Incentives in the Social Security Disability Benefit Formula" (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), Mercatus Center Working Paper, October 2015. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 21708)

"The Cost of Uncertainty about the Timing of Social Security Reform" (with Frank Caliendo and Aspen Gorry), NBER Working Paper no. 21585, September 2015.

"The Financial Feasibility of Delaying Social Security: Evidence from Administrative Tax Data" (with Gopi Goda, Shanthi Ramnath, and John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 21544, September 2015.

"Does Retirement Improve Health and Life Satisfaction?" (with Aspen Gorry and Devon Gorry), NBER Working Paper no. 21326, July 2015.

“The Role of Retiree Health Insurance in the Early Retirement of Public Sector Employees” (with John Shoven), Journal of Health Economics (Special section: Health Insurance and the American Public Sector Labor Market), 38, December 2014, 99-108. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 19563).

"Does It Pay to Delay Social Security?" (with John Shoven), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance13(2), April 2014, 121-144. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 17866; NBER Working Paper no. 18210)

“Recent Changes in the Gains from Delaying Social Security”(with John Shoven), Journal of Financial Planning, 27(3), March 2014, 32-41. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 19370).

“Does Retiree Health Insurance Encourage Early Retirement?” (with Steven Nyce, Sylvester Schieber, John Shoven, and David Wise), Journal of Public Economics, 104, August 2013, 40-51. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 17703

"Does Widowhood Explain Gender Differences in Out-of-Pocket Medical Spending Among the Elderly?" (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), Journal of Health Economics, 32(3), May 2013, 647-658. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 17440)

“Does Stock Market Performance Influence Retirement Intentions?” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), Journal of Human Resources, 47(4), Fall 2012, 1056-1082. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 16211)

"An Alternative Perspective on Health Inequality" (with Ben Ho), Economics Bulletin, 32(4), 2012, 3182-3196.

“How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), National Tax Journal Forum on Social Security, 64(2), June 2011, 429-450. (Other versions: Reprint in Investigations in the Economics of Aging (David Wise, ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2012, 119-139; NBER Working Paper no. 16212)

“What Explains Changes in Retirement Plans During the Great Recession?” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 101(3), May 2011, 29-34. 

“Implicit Taxes on Work from Social Security and Medicare” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), in Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 25 (Jeffrey Brown, ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2011, 69-88.

“Differential Mortality by Income and Social Security Progressivity” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), in Explorations in the Economics of Aging (David Wise, ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2011, 189- 204.

"Removing the Disincentives in Social Security for Long Careers" (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), Social Security Policy in a Changing Environment (Jeffrey Brown, Jeffrey Liebman, and David Wise, eds.), University of Chicago Press, 2009, 21-38. (Other versions: NBER Working Paper no. 13110)

“Dependency Ratio,” entry in Encyclopedia of Social Problems (Vincent N. Parrillo, ed.), Sage Publications, 2008, 221-222.

“A Tax on Work for the Elderly: Medicare as Secondary Payer” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 13383, September 2007.

“Social Security and the Timing of Divorce” (with Gopi Goda and John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 13382, September 2007.

"Political Risk Versus Market Risk in Social Security," (with John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 12135, April 2006.

"Has the Unified Budget Undermined the Federal Trust Funds?" (with John Shoven), NBER Working Paper no. 10953, December 2004.

"Comparing the Risk of Social Security with and without Individual Accounts" (with John Shoven), American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 93(2), May 2003, 348-353.

Political Economy

"Public versus Private Provision of Public Goods," Journal of Public Economic Theory, 16(2), April 2014, 222-258.

"A Solution Concept for Majority Rule in Dynamic Settings" (with Doug Bernheim), Review of Economic Studies, 76(1), January 2009, 33-62.

"Age Bias in Fiscal Policy: Why Does the Political Process Favor the Elderly," Topics in Theoretical Economics, 6(1), Article 11, 2006.

"Income Redistribution with Majoritarian Politics" (with Doug Bernheim), June 2004. 

“Labor Market Flexibility in East Asia: Lessons From Taiwan” (with Yana Rodgers), Economic Development and Cultural Change, 48(1), October 1999, 51-70.

“Protecting Female Workers in Industrializing Countries” (with Yana Rodgers and Joseph Zveglich), International Review of Comparative Public Policy, 10, 1998, 197-221.

Other Topics

“Some Matrix Techniques in Game Theory” (with Chi-Kwong Li), Mathematical Inequalities and Applications, 3(1), January 2000, 133-141.